I. Introduction: Diadema ecology and life history
II. The Mortality Event
III. Ecosystem Effects
IV. Questions Remaining
Hughes, T.P. 1994. Catastrophes, Phase Shifts, and Large-Scale Degradation of a Caribbean Coral Reef. Science 265:1547-1551.
Jackson, J.B.C. 1997. Reefs since Columbus. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Symp. 1:97-106.
Lessios, H.A. 1988. Mass Mortality of Diadema antillarum in the Caribbean: What have we learned? Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19:371-393.
Lessios, H. A. 1995. Diadema antillarum 10 years after mass mortality: Still rare, despite help from a competitor. Proc. Royal Soc. London Ser. B. 259: 331-337.
McClanahan, T. R. and N.A. Muthiga. 1998. An ecological shift in a remote coral atoll of Belize over 25 years. Envir. Conserv. 25: 122-130.
Yoshioka, Paul M. 1996. Variable recruitment and its effects on the population and community structure of shallow-water gorgonians. Bull. Mar. Sci. 59: 433-443.
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