Revised outline: Epiphytes of the Tropics

This topic submitted by Ann Reynolds ( reynola1@miamioh.edu) at 5:14 PM on 4/21/03.

An octopus tries to hide on a sunny day at the Grotto, San Salvador, Bahamas.

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University


I. What is an epiphyte?
A. Distinguishing features
B. Vascular
a. Growth habit
b. Orchids
c. Bromeliads
C. Non vascular
a. algae
b. lichens
c. bryophytes

II. Epiphytes and Their Friends
A. Mosquitoes
B. Frogs
C. Ants

III. Epiphytes and Ecology
A. The Forest Canopy
B. Water
C. Pollination

IV. Epiphytes and their Environment
A. Forest Canopy
B. Forest Floor
C. Substrates
D. Light and Photosynthesis

V. Epiphytes and You
A. Epiphytes as Indicators
B. Conservation


Additional resources:
Benzing, D. H. (1995). Vascular epiphytes. In Forest Canopies. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Chazdon, R. L. & Fetcher, N. (1984). Photosynthetic light environments in a lowland tropical rain forest in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology, 72, 553-564.

Gentry, A. H. (1982). Patterns of neotropical plant species diversity. Evolutionary Biology, 15, 1-84.

Holbrook, N. M. & Lund, C. P. (1995).Photosynthesis in canopies. In Forest Canopies. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kernan, C. & Fowler, N. (1995). Differential substrate use by epiphytes in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica: A source of guild structure. Journal of Ecology, 83, 65-73.

Matelson, T. J., Nadkarni, N. M., & Longino, J. T. (1993). Longevity of fallen epiphytes in a neotropical montane forest. Ecology, 74, 265-269.

Rhoades, F. M. (1995). Nanvascular epiphytes in forest canopies: Worldwide distribution, abundance, and ecological roles. In Forest Canopies. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Tobin, J. E. (1995). Ecology and diversity of tropical forest canopy ants. In Forest Canopies. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.



Previous Article
Return to Main Discussion Topic Article


DOWNLOAD the Paper Posting HTML Formating HELP SHEET!

We also have a GUIDE for depositing articles, images, data, etc in your research folders.

Article complete. Click HERE to return to the Pre-Course Presentation Outline and Paper Posting Menu. Or, you can return to the course syllabus

  • Tropical Marine Ecology of the Bahamas and Florida Keys
  • Tropical Ecosystems of Costa Rica
  • Site NAVIGATION--Table of Contents

    Listen to a "Voice Navigation" Intro! (Quicktime or MP3)

    Google
    Search WWW WITHIN-SITE Keyword Search!!

    WEATHER & EARTH SCIENCE RESOURCES

    TROPICAL ECOSYSTEM FIELD COURSES

    Hays' Marine Ecology Images and Movies Ohio Bird Photo Collection | Tropical Bird Collection | Costa Rica Image Collection | Edge of the Farm Conservation Area | Hays' Tarantula Page | Local Watershed Fish Studies| Wildflowers, Arthropods, ETC in SW Ohio | Earth Science Resources | Astronomy Links | Global Change | Marine Ecology "Creature Study Guide" |

    OTHER ACADEMIC COURSES, STUDENT RESEARCH, OTHER STUFF

    | Educational Philosophy | Discovery Labs: Moon, Geologic Time, Sun, Taxonomy, Frisbee | Project Dragonfly | Vita |Field Course Postings | Student Research Postings | Nature/Science Autobiography | Environmental Programs at Miami University

    TEACHING TOOLS & OTHER STUFF

    Daily Necessities: Macintosh Resources |Search Engines | Library Resources|Server Stats| Family Album | View My Schedule | View Guestbook | Western College "Multimedia Potpourri"

    It is 5:12:51 PM on Wednesday, November 22, 2017. Last Update: Wednesday, May 7, 2014