The extreme tidal flow (~1 meter/sec) at Pigeon Creek, San Salvador, was measured with a current meter in "Blow-Outs" in the main channel.
I. Plant-pollinator Interactions
b. Nectar Robbers and Thieves
Examples from Costa Rica
I. Insect Pollinators
II. A Bird Pollinator
III. Mammal Pollinators
Initial Reference List:
Lasso E. and Naranjo M.E. 2003. Effect of pollinators and nectar robbers on nectar production and pollen deposition in Hamelia patens (Rubiaceae) Biotropica 35 (1): 57-66
Stiles F.G., Freeman C.E. 1993. Patterns in floral nectar characteristics of some bird visited plant-species from Costa Rica. Biotropica 25 (2): 191-205
Tschapka M., Von Helversen O. 1999 Pollinators of syntopic Marcgravia species in Costa Rican lowland rain forest: Bats and opossums. Plant Biology 1 (4): 382-388
Von Helversen O., Winkler L., Bestmann H.J. 2002. Sulphur-containing "perfumes" attract flower-visiting bats J Comp Physiol A 186 (2): 143-153
White R.H., Stevenson R.D., Bennett R.R.1994. Wavelength discrimination and the role of ultraviolet vision in the feeding-behavior of hawkmoths. Biotropica 26 (4): 427-435
For Further Info on this Topic, Check out this WWW Site: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.980215..
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