Many Miami environmental science graduate students take the Ecology Field Courses each year.
Mangroves are a woody plant or plant community which lives between the sea and the land in areas which are inundated by tides. These mangrove communties provide shelter and homes to fish and birds as well as other organisms. There are more than 50 species of mangroves located worldwide. I choose this topic to research because I know we will be looking at mangroves in the Florida Keys and the Bahamas and I honestly do not know anything about this plant. Therefore, I would like to research this subject and get a good idea of what mangroves are, what they are about, why they exist, and other interesting information before our trip this summer.
I. Introduction to Mangroves
a. What are mangroves?
b. What types of Mangroves are there?
c. Where mangroves are found
II. Mangrove Community
a. Terrestrial components
b. Marine Components
c. Stabilizing Shorelines
i. Sea level
III. Mangroves as a Habitat
a. Inter-tidal Sone
IV. Human Impacts
a. Oil Spills
b. Coastal Development
V. Conservation of Mangroves
(2004). Mangroves of the Kenyan Coast. Earthwatch Institute Journal, 23, 21.
Rutzler, K., Feller, I.C. (1996). Caribbean Mangrove Swamps. Scientific American, 274, 94-100.
Hogarth, P.J. (1999). The Biology of Mangroves. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press.
Yoshihiro, M., Michimasa, M., Hitonori, N., Motohiko, K., Toyohiko, M., Nobuyuki, K., & Daijiro, K. (2002). Coastal Erosion Due to Long-Term Human Impact on Mangrove Forests. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Netherlands.
Hoff, R. (2002). Oil Spills in Mangroves: Planning and Response Considerations. Washington, D.C.: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration.
Schaffranek, R.W. (2001). The Tides and Inflows in the Mangroves of the Everglades (Time): Interdisciplinary Project of the South Florida Ecosystem Program. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey.
Odum, W.E. (1985). The Ecology of the Mangroves of South Florida: A Community Profile. Washington, D.C. : Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Meza Diaz, B., Blackburn, G.A. (2003). Remote sensing of mangrove biophysical properties: evidence from a laboratory simulation of the possible effects of background variation on spectral vegetation indices. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, 53-74.
Kathiresan, K., Rajendran, N. (2002). Fishery resources and economic gain in three mangrove areas on the south-east coast of India. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 9, 277-284.
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