Mangroves Outline Draft #2

This topic submitted by Diana Maikut ( at 2:01 PM on 4/30/04.

A beautiful Praying Mantis, SE Costa Rica!

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University

I. Introduction to Mangroves
a. What are mangroves?
b. What types of Mangroves are there?
c. Where mangroves are found

II. Mangrove Community
a. Terrestrial components
b. Marine Components
c. Stabilizing Shorelines
i. Sea level
ii. Erosion

III. Mangroves as a Habitat
a. Inter-tidal Sone
b. Birds
c. Fish
i. Nurseries

IV. Adaptations
a. Varying Salinities
b. Reproduction
c. How They Get By
d. Hydration

V. Human Impacts
a. Oil Spills
b. Coastal Development
c. Pesticides
d. Fishing

VI. Conservation of Mangroves

(2004). Mangroves of the Kenyan Coast. Earthwatch Institute Journal, 23, 21.

Rutzler, K., Feller, I.C. (1996). Caribbean Mangrove Swamps. Scientific American, 274, 94-100.

Hogarth, P.J. (1999). The Biology of Mangroves. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press.

Yoshihiro, M., Michimasa, M., Hitonori, N., Motohiko, K., Toyohiko, M., Nobuyuki, K., & Daijiro, K. (2002). Coastal Erosion Due to Long-Term Human Impact on Mangrove Forests. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Netherlands.

Hoff, R. (2002). Oil Spills in Mangroves: Planning and Response Considerations. Washington, D.C.: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration.

Schaffranek, R.W. (2001). The Tides and Inflows in the Mangroves of the Everglades (Time): Interdisciplinary Project of the South Florida Ecosystem Program. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey.

Odum, W.E. (1985). The Ecology of the Mangroves of South Florida: A Community Profile. Washington, D.C. : Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Meza Diaz, B., Blackburn, G.A. (2003). Remote sensing of mangrove biophysical properties: evidence from a laboratory simulation of the possible effects of background variation on spectral vegetation indices. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, 53-74.

Kathiresan, K., Rajendran, N. (2002). Fishery resources and economic gain in three mangrove areas on the south-east coast of India. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 9, 277-284.

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