Threats to Our Ocean Environments

This topic submitted by Heather Sparks ( at 7:10 PM on 3/1/04.

Students hard at work on the "Mangrove Challenge"! (Sierpe River, SW Costa Rica)

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University

Heather Sparks (TME 2004)
Red Alert: Threats To Our Ocean Environments (outline)

I. Ocean Habitats
1. Salt Marshes

  • Characteristics
    --Low Salt Marsh Zone
    -- High Salt Marsh Zone
  • Biodiversity/ examples of organisms found here
  • Benefits/uses
    2. Estuaries
  • --Characteristics
    --Biodiversity/examples of organisms found here
    3. Kelp Forest
  • Characteristics
    4. Coral Reefs
  • Characteristics
    -- Groups
  • Biodiversity/ examples of organisms found here
  • Benefits/uses
    5. Sea Bottom
  • Characteristics
    --Biodiversity/examples of organisms found here
    6. Mangrove Swamps
  • Characteristics
    -- Biodiversity/examples of organisms found here
    7. Continental Shelf
  • Characteristics
    --Biodiversity/examples of organisms found here
    8. Deep Sea
  • Characteristics
    --Biodiversity/examples of organisms found here

    II. Threats to Ocean Habitats

  • Temperature
  • Salinity
  • Water Pressure
  • Pollution
  • Other Threats

    This teaching unit can be used in conjunction with an aquatic biology course, ecology course, or an environmental course. This unit involves the discussion of the various marine habitats, their characteristics, biodiversity, and benefits. Students will also discover the various threats to the largest portion of the Earth. Students will also discover the importance of the various ocean habitats and how to reduce the risk of future harm.

    1. Everglades Today: Endangered Wilderness. Sand, George X., Four Winds Press, 1971.

    2. The Biology of Mangroves. Hograth, Peter J. Oxford University Press, 1999.

    3. Costal Marshes: Ecology and Wildlife Management. Chabreck, Robert A. University of Minnesota Press, 1988.

    4. What is Natural? Coral Reef Crisis. Sapt, Jan. Oxford University Press, 1999.

    5. Environmental Science Activities. Rosenthal, Dorothy B. John Wiley and Sons Inc. 1976.

    6. 1,001 Ideas for Science Projects on the Environment. Brisk PhD. Marion A. MacMillan General Reference U.S.A., 1997.

    7. Ecology of Inland Waters and Estuaries. Reid, George K. and Wood, Richard D. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc. 1976.

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