Many Miami environmental science graduate students take the Ecology Field Courses each year.
I. Species of sloths
A. Brown Throated Three-toed (Bradypus variegatus)
i. Heavy fur that provides insulation
ii. Three claws on the feet
2. Habitat– Upper level of the forest canopy
B. Two-toed (Choloepus hoffmani)
i. larger in size than the three-toed
ii. two claws on the front feet
2. Habitat – more confined to primary forests than three-toed
II. General information
1. sleeps about 18 hours a day
2. move to new trees approx. every day and a half
1. Feeds primarily on leaves of the Cecropia Tree, and other tree species
2. Slow metabolic rate
3. Ruminant-like stomach - Slow digestion
4. Defecation and urination occurs weekly at base of trees
1. Harpy Eagles
1. sexual maturity at 3 years
2. six month gestation
3. birth about once a year
III. Ecological significance
A. Algae/mold on fur serves to feed various insects
B. Sloth moths
C. Defecation at tree base
IV. Aviarios del Caribe Sloth Refuge in Costa Rica
A. Research and rehabilitation
1. Only sloth refuge in the world
2. Rehabilitate and reintroduce injured sloths
1. environmental education programs for local schools
2. Established the Buttercup Foundation – proceeds are used to purchase more land for protection and to educate public
1. Baker, Christopher. Mammals. Online at http://photo.net/cr/moon/mammals.html. Viewed on 5/14/05.
2. The Three-toed sloth. Online at http://www.infocostarica.com/fauna/3sloth.html. viewed on 5/14/05.
3. Gould, Stephen Jay. April 1996. Can we truly know sloth and rapacity? Natural History. Vol 105(4) pg 18 – 26.
4. Klien, Lori. East does it for the two-toed sloth. The California Native International Newsletter. Online at http://www.calnative.com/stories/n_sloth.htm. Viewed on 5/13/05.
5. CentralAmerica.Com: Your Travel Specialists. Online at http://centralamerica.com/cr/moon/momammal.htm. Viewed on 5/14/05.
6. Baker, Christopher. Moon Travel Planner. Aviarios del Caribe Sloth Refuge. Online at http://www.moon.com/planner/costa_rica/mustsee/aviaros_caribe.html. Viewed on 5/14/05.
7. Gaudin, Timothy. February 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among sloths (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Tardigrada): the craniodental evidence. Zoological Journal of Linnean Society. Vol 140 (2): 255-305.
Return to Topic Menu
We also have a GUIDE for depositing articles, images, data, etc in your research folders.
Article complete. Click HERE to return to the Pre-Course Presentation Outline and Paper Posting Menu. Or, you can return to the course syllabus
WEATHER & EARTH SCIENCE RESOURCES
OTHER ACADEMIC COURSES, STUDENT RESEARCH, OTHER STUFF
TEACHING TOOLS & OTHER STUFF
It is 12:04:02 AM on Saturday, November 17, 2018. Last Update: Wednesday, May 7, 2014