The earth's axis of rotation wobbles like a spinning top. There are two periods (a wobble within a wobble): 19,000 AND 23,000 years. Precession has a profound effect on the earth's climate.
Army Ants: Strength in Numbers
II.)Ant Colony Hierarchy
III.)Anatomy and Egg Production
iii.Different castes of ants are dependent on type of egg
A.) Age Polyethism
B.) Caste Polyethism
i.Reasons for communication
B.) Social Organization
i. Group predation
ii. Foraging patterns
VI.)Effect on Ecosystem
A.)Populations of army ants
B.)The impact on prey
C.)Species diversity of army ants
Dumpert, K. The Social Biology of Ants. London: Pitman Publishing Limited, 1978.
Gotwald, William H. Jr. Army Ants The biology of social predation. Ithica: Comstock Publishing Associates, 1995.
Hogue. Charles L. Dr. The Armies of the Ant. New York: World Publishing, 1972.
Kay, Adam and Rissing Steven W. “Division of foraging labor in ants can mediate demands for food and safety.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 58 (2005): 165-174.
Couzin, I. D., and Franks, N. R. “Self-organized lane formation and optimized traffic flow in army ants.” Proc. R. Soc. Land. 270 (2003): 139-146.
O’Donnell, Sean, and Jeanne, Robert L. “Notes on an Army Ant (Eciton burchelli) Raid on a Social Wasp Colony (Agelaia yepocapa) in Costa Rica.” Journal of Tropical Ecology. 6 (1990): 507-509.
Bay, John S. “Design of the Army-Ant Cooperative Lifting Robot.” IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine. (1995): 36-43.
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