The earth's axis of rotation wobbles like a spinning top. There are two periods (a wobble within a wobble): 19,000 AND 23,000 years. Precession has a profound effect on the earth's climate.
-description of Ocean Noise Pollution
-key harmful effects for marine mammals
II) Main sources of Noise Pollution
-seismic surveys of oil exploration
-Naval underwater weapons
III) Key points of Destruction: affects of ONP
-mating troubles, communication problems
-Echolocation (dolphins) and foraging for food
-indirect effect from prey
-Hearing loss in whales
-different severities and what it includes
- Mechanism of Hearing in whales
IV) Protection Acts/Laws
-Endangered Species Act
-International Whaling Commission
-National Defense Authorization Act
V) Current News
Cummings, Jim. Brandon, Natalie. SONIC IMPACT: A Precautionary Assessment of Noise Pollution from Ocean Seismic Surveys. Acoustic Ecology Institute. Greenpeace USA. June 2004.
McCarthy, Elena M. International Regulation of Underwater Sound. University of Rhode Island. Kingston, RI. 2000.
Ocean Noise Pollution Fact Sheet. Pacific Whale Foundation.
Ecology: A Roaring Debate Over Ocean Noise. Science Magazine. David Malakoff. January 2001. http://www.sciencemag.org.
Ocean Noise Pollution has Increased Considerably Since 1960Ős.
WhatŐs Next in Science and Technology. August 18, 2006. http://www.whatsnextnetwork.com
Discovery of Sound in the Sea. University of Rhode Island. Office of Marine Programs. http://www.dosits.org/animals/use/2a.htm
Darlene R. Ketten, Ph. D. Marine Mammal Auditory Systems: A Summary of Audiometric and Anatomical Data and its Implications for Underwater Acoustic Impacts. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Harvard Medical School. http://www.solcomhouse.com/auditory.htm
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