College Drinking: The Real Story

This topic submitted by Draft 1 (crumbr@miamioh.edu) at 12:42 pm on 10/5/00. Additions were last made on Wednesday, May 7, 2014. Section: Campbell

College Drinking: The Real Story
Katie Belkofer, Mike Bonham, Brian Crum, Katie Dosmann, Greg Dutton, My Troung
Natural Systems I, Section D

Introduction

Our hypothesis for our experiment is that Miami students drink more than the flyer, which stated that women drink 0-3 drinks and men drink 0-5 drinks on an average weekend night, said. We will also be comparing the drinking habits of western verses main campus students, men verses women, how much people drink on weekends as compared to weekdays, and in which hall does the students who drink the most live in. We plan to do an extensive study about the drinking problems at colleges. This subject is very relevant to us due to the known drinking habits of college students. It has become an even greater problem in recent years, in which the numbers of students that end up having alcohol poisoning and even dying have risen dramatically. We believe that everyone will be very interested in learning the results of our study.

Literature Reviews

Time Magazine, Battle of the Binge, September 8, 1997 vol. 150 no. 10
Greg Fulton, Lisa McLaughlin
Recently many student deaths have occurred across the country as the result of binge drinking. At Louisiana State University a fraternity pledge died of alcohol poisoning after consuming the equivalent of 24 drinks. His blood alcohol level was six times the amount that the state considers a person intoxicated. Colleges are one of the country's biggest "alcohol-drenched" institutions. America has 12 million undergrads that consume 4 billion cans of beer a year, which equals 55 six packs a piece. Many problems result from binge drinking other than health issues. Violence on campus is higher on more heavily drinking campuses. Other minor problems include disturbances to non-drinking students that can keep them from concentrating. Under-age drinking has become widespread after the drinking age was raised to 21. Now students do not have a safe and monitored place to drink responsibly so private parties become popular.

Underage Alcohol Use and Related Problems of College Students
Henry Wechsler, Meichun Kuo, Hang Lee, George Dowdall
A Harvard study conducted a self-administered survey. The survey included 7,061 students under 21 and 4,989 students between 21 and 23. The results show self-reports of binge drinking and other drinking factors such as the availability to alcohol. At the average college, two out of five students reported an episode of binge drinking in the last 2 weeks. The study found that campuses with bars more closely situated to campus had higher rates of binge drinking. Prices of alcohol and types of alcohol consumed also played a role in the binge-drinking factor. Where beer was served students were more likely to drink heavily. Underage students were found to have a higher rate of binge drinking as well. These students most often drank at fraternity parties, off-campus parties and on-campus dances. 54% of underage students reported it was very easy to obtain alcohol and 40% said it was easy to get alcohol. The study also shows underage students are more likely to receive free drinks than of-age students.

The Journal of American College Health, Henry Wechsler
A report issued by the Harvard School of Public Health shows that college students have a realistic view of the degree of alcohol consumption on campus. Nationwide, students reported that 35% of undergraduates binge drink while the actual percentage is 44%. Also, the student definition of binge drinking is six drinks for men and five for women which is one drink higher than the researchers' figure. The study shows that, "students generally know more about campus drinking than they're given credit for," said Henry Wechsler. However, students still overestimated the amount of binge drinking on their campuses. This finding has many implications to lower the drinking rate on college campuses. Some universities are testing the idea that by posting the average drinking rate that is lower than many students assume and hoping that they will then lower their drinking habits to the social norm.

Survey finds studentsÍ The Journal of American College Health
The article was written as a result of a study done on college campuses to see what the student's perspective on binge drinking was. As a median the study estimated that about thirty- five percent of the students binge drink. The study was based on the fact that binge drinking was defined as men had five or more drinks and women had four or more drinks in a row at least once in a two- week period. The students were asked what percentage of the campus would binge drink and at sixty percent of the schools students were within ten percent of who binge drank. When asked what students thought binge drinking was they were usually correct which means that contrary to popular belief students do know how many people are binge drinking and exactly what that entails. They also discovered that most students who drank more would raise the line of what they thought was binge drinking. This means that the student's perspective on drinking was closely related with how much they drank.

Materials and Methods

A. There will be an anonymous survey as an experiment. In the survey, we will gather information to disprove Miami's information on student drinking. The students from Main campus and Western campus will be completing the included survey for us to gain our results from this experiment. The survey will be used as a comparison on student drinking versus Main and Western. Using this survey will help prove whether or not woman consume 0-3 drinks and men consume 0-5 drinks on a typical weekend. We will also include the main differences between men and women, Main and Western, and age. This survey will also provide the information necessary to plot the heaviest underage drinking in locations of Miami.

B. The important materials needed for this experiment is the honesty and truthfulness of participates of this survey. An Oxford map, which will be used to locate the heaviest drinkers at Miami, will also be needed. In order to complete this experiment, we must find participates who consume alcoholic beverages.

ALCOHOL SURVEY
This is an anonymous survey with the aim to understand student drinking on Miami University.

Dorm name: _______________________ or Off-Campus
Age: __________

What year are you?
1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year
Major: ________________________________________
Please circle all that apply:

Main Campus Western Male Female

Where are you originally from? (Please include city and state) ___________________________________

How many drinks do you consume? (Drinks are measured as 12 oz. Beer, shots, glass of wine, etc.)
· Weekdays:
¨ 0 1-3 4-6 7-9 10-13 14+
· Weekends:
¨ 0 1-3 4-6 7-9 10-13 14+

What alcoholic beverage do you consume the most?
Beer Liquor

It has been stated on a flyer by Miami University that women consume 0-3 drinks and men consume 0-5 drinks. Do you believe that is true?
Yes No No opinion

Does this flyer have any relevance to you as a drinker?
Yes No

Thank you for participating in our survey!

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