Taste Buds Taste

This topic submitted by Nikki, Leslie, Liz, Molly, and Amy (rudnicnl@miamioh.edu) at 10:53 am on 9/30/99. Additions were last made on Wednesday, May 7, 2014. Section: Nicholson

Nikki Rudnick
Molly Kohut Leslie Allan
Liz Demler
Amy Johnson

Project Proposal

1. Introduction

a. Our purpose is to see if the number of taste buds that a person has influences their sense of taste. Many factors are taken into account in this process. Our hypothesis is that the more taste buds a person has the better sense of taste they will have. By better sense of taste we mean that they can more easily detect saltiness, sweetness, bitterness, and sourness. There are many factors that can also influence taste such as, smoking, tongue piercings, age, and other various health records. We believe that the four different areas of the tongue contribute to different tastes that we taste. The other four senses help to determine the tastes of things.
b. We plan to accomplish enough background research and experimentation that will prove our hypothesis. We want to show that the more taste buds you have the better sense of taste you will have. We plan to experiment by counting the number of taste buds on each person’s tongue and relating it to the way that they taste different foods.
c. The relevance of this information is to see how various health issues affect one’s sense of taste. This research is also interesting because different people taste foods differently. Certain individuals enjoy certain foods that others do not. We would like to show why this difference is so evident. These factors are also helpful in the marketing of certain foods. The way a food tastes must be pleasing to the majority of people.

2. Relevance of your research question

a. Literature Review—What have others done?
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/3750/taste/taste.html
Your Sense of Taste
This article describes the steps of tasting foods and other substances. It discusses why things taste the way that they do, and why tastes change over time.
http://www.fountainheadwater.com/contest.asp
Fountainhead Water Challenge
This article discusses a water taste-testing test that can be conducted to relate to taste of different people. This is a possible source for an experiment that we can use.
http://medicine.wustl.edu/~ysp/MSN/posts/archives/879532383.An.r.html
Re: Taste buds and blood
This article discusses how many taste buds are actually on a tongue. It describes a method of determining approximately how many taste buds are on the tongue.
http://www.mayohealth.org/mayo/9707/htm/tast_1sb.htm
How Your Taste Can Change
This article talks about how there are many different types of tasting disorders. It specifically relates them to certain health conditions.
http://ificinfo.health.org/insight/exper.htm
Experiments In Good Taste
This article describes the various influences on taste. It talks about disorders in the sense of taste. There are a number of experiments described that help determine if you are a “supertaster”.
http://www.blkbox.com/~rdevere/tsdc/howwork.html
How do taste and smell work?
This article discussed show taste and smell are related. It shows how they work together to help us taste foods. There are four basic taste sensations that make up our tongue and sense of taste.
http://www.duc.auburn.edu/academic/classes/cte/403/hindman.html
The Five Senses: Taste
This article spells out that there are four main taste sections on the tongue. It talks about varying amounts of taste buds in different age groups and where the taste buds live. There is an experiment in this article to teach us about identifying certain tastes.
http://128.252.223.112/posts/archives/dec98/913341637.Ns.q.html
Re: Can You Fool Your Taste Buds?
This article describes how taste involves other senses such as, smelling and seeing something, before tasting it.
http://www.iit.edu/~smile/bi9210.html
The Investigation Of The Taste Buds
This article discusses a variety of experiments that can be developed to see how certain tastes are affected by different circumstances in different individuals. It deals with taste being affected by salvia, scent, sight, and different areas of the tongue.
http://www.med.umich.edu/radonc/brotaste.html
Taste Alterations
This article deals with how taste can be drastically affected by radiation. It tells people how to deal with the effects after losing many taste buds. There are methods to build up your taste and bring it back.
http://www.selfknowledge.com/96869.htm
Dictionary Information: Definition Taste
This article is very plainly the definition of taste and the synonyms that relate to taste.
http://infosys.zdv.uni-mainz.de/~jastrow/Archistcyt.html
The Innervation of Taste Buds In…
This article goes to describe to the tiniest detail of the details of the toungue.
http://cscwww.cats.ohiou.edu/~biosdept/introbioslab/labs/171/images/labs4/taste_buds.htm
Taste Buds
An example picture of a magnified taste bud.
http://www.cvm.tamu.edu/vaph911/Lab17/Examples/extstbud.htm
Example: Taste Buds
This article is more of a medical interpretation of the sense of taste. It gives a detailed description of the taste buds and their role in the mouth.
http://education.vetmed.vt.edu/Curriculum/VM8054/Labs/Lab17/Examples/extstbud.htm
Example: Taste Buds
This article is also more of a medical approach to the thought of taste and taste buds. It also deals with a very good description of the taste buds and their role in the sense of taste.
http://www.orst.edu/food-resource/flavor/physiology.html
Physiology Of Bitter Taste
This article deals with the idea that the nerves that are in the tongue help to transfer the taste to the brain. It discusses the sensory parts and the textures that make up the tongue.
http://kidshealth.org/kid/somebody/tongue.html
Stick Out Your Tongue and Say Aah!
This article is about all aspects of the tongue. It discusses how the tongue works. There are lots of parts that work with the tongue to help us eat, breathe, sleep, talk, and sing. There are different experiments to try to fool your taste buds in this article.
http://madsci.wustl.edu/posts/archives/may98/896201171.Dv.r.html
Re: Why Are Taste Buds Clustered In Different Parts
This article discusses why taste buds are where they are. This arrangement many affect the different tastes individuals taste. This writing directs us to other sources of valuable information.
http://www.biologists.com/Development/122/04/dev3329.html
Embryonic Taste Buds Develop In The Absence Of Innervation
This article is a more medical approach to the topic of taste. It gives documentation of certain incidences and experiments. Cells are also discussed in this reading.

b. Our research relates to the real world in the aspect of the marketing of foods. If people have different taste senses then they will taste foods differently. This is a factor that food companies must take into account. The various saltiness, sweetness, bitterness, and sourness that are taken into account in each taste of food must be carefully monitored to peoples liking.


3. Materials and Methods

a. Our experimental design is to determine how many taste buds an individual has by conducting an experiment to count the number of taste buds on one’s tongue. These figures will help us to determine how a person’s sense of taste if influenced by the amount of taste buds. We also want to determine each person’s tongue sensitivity by testing it with different salts, foods, and waters.

b. Some important materials that will be used in the experiment of counting taste buds include: wax paper, hole punch, cotton swab, blue food coloring, and magnifying glass. We plan to place a 1” square of wax paper with a hole punch hole through it on each individual’s tongue. Next, we will swab some blue food coloring on the open hole revealing a part of the tongue. Finally, using the magnifying glass we will count the number of papillae in the view. The number of the papillae is multiplied by 250 to find the number of taste buds in each person’s mouth. To determine an individual’s taste sensitivity we will use a salt substitute and saccharin, if both of these have a certain taste it will determine one’s taste for bitterness.

c. We plan on involving the class in our study by having them take various taste tests. We are going to ask them to participate in various surveys and questionnaires. We would also like the class to measure the amount of taste buds on their tongues.

d. Data Sheet:

Name # of taste buds Results Water Results Salt Health Condit.



e. Week 6: turn in lab proposals
-search the library for more information
Week 7: search the library for more information
Week 8: organize our ideas, data, research, experiments, and thoughts
Week 9: turn in final lab packet
Week 10: set up experimentation equipment and data sheets
Week 11: conduct our experiments with the class
Week 12: receive and collect outside data from other sources
Week 13: analyze the data and experiment results
Week 14: relate the results to our hypothesis and original idea
Week 15: write the final lab report
Week 16: have the final lab report completed
-post it on the web
-include a Mac OS copy on a floppy disk

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