C. Church, D. Burgess, C. Doswell, R. Davies-Jones, Editors. American Geophysical Union. The Tornado: ItÍs Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards. Washington, D.C., 1990.

Allaby, Michael. Dangerous Weather: Tornadoes. Facts on File, Inc. New York, 1997.

Grazulis, Thomas P. The Tornado: Nature's Ultimate Windstorm. University of Oklahoma Press. Norman, 2001.

Lutgens, Frederick K. The Atmosphere: Eighth Edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2001.

Rampino, Michael R., Sanders, John E., Newman, Walter S., Konigsson, L.K. . Climate: History, Periodicity, and Predictability. Van Nostrand Reinhold. New York, 1987


Pine, Devera. Chasing Twister. Scholastic, Inc., 1998
Gives good background info and descripton of Doppler radar and detection.

Monastersky, Richard. Don't Blame La Nina. Science Service, 1999.
Investigates why La Nina cannot be tied to formation of individual tornadoes.

Schaefer, Joseph T., and Tatom, Frank B. The Relationship Between el Nino, la Nina, and U.S. Tornado Activity. Prepared for 19th Conference on Severe Local Storms, 1999.
Investigates these relationships very well. Link between climate phenomena and tornadoes.

No Author. Southern Tornadoes: Hallmark of La Nina. Meredith Group, 2000.
Ties between La Nina and tornadoes that are relevant to our purpose.

No Author. La Nina May Shift Tornado Activity. ENN, 1999.
More information on a possible connection.

Corfidi, Stephen F. Some Thoughts on the Role Mesoscale Features Played in May 27, 1997 Central Texas Tornado Outbreak. Prepared for 19th Conference on Severe Local Storms, 1999.
Talks about storms which can lead to tornadoes. Very helpful in describing formation.

Ferguson, Edward, and Ostby, Frederick. Tornadoes of 1990: An All-time Record Year. Weatherwise, April 1991.
Explains why we might find peak tornado activity and the factors behind that.

Zimmer, Carl. The El Nino Factor. Discover, 1999.

Mazza, Patrick. The invisable hand: as human activity warms the earth, El Nino grows more violent. Sierra, May-June 1998.


The Tornado Project

Tornado and Storm Research Organization


Understanding Tornadoes

The On-Line Tornado FAQ

Tornado Science Charged Sheath Vortex Tornado

Nebraska Weather and Climate Information

Storm Chaser - Warren Faidley's storm chaser and natural disaster Homepage